Misty Davidson

Collocations in American English

Common American English Collocations–Word That Go Together

Collocations are two or more words that go together in an expression, such as fast food, pay attention, or happily married. Collocations make our vocabulary richer. They make it easier to express ourselves without overusing words such as very, nice, or beautiful. In this posting, I discuss some common American English collocations. There will be …

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Thinking-in-English

Thinking in English– 8 Ways of Developing Fluency without Translating

Thinking in English will help your language skills to grow. It is possible to teach yourself to think in a second language. In this posting I talk about 8 ways to teach yourself to think in English. The download at the end will summarize these ways and give you some questions to think about. Why …

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Numbers in American English–How to Express Quantity

Numbers mean the same thing in every language. How we talk about numbers varies, however, from language to language. It even varies among countries that speak the same language. For example, British people  express some numerical concepts differently than Americans. In this posting I talk about expressing numbers in American English. There will be many …

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punctuation-in-English

Punctuation in American English–Marks to Make Your Meaning Clear

Punctuation marks are marks to make your written meaning clear. You may have learned something about British punctuation.  Some of the rules for American punctuation are a little bit different. In this posting I talk about the American rules for 11 common punctuation marks: period (.), question mark (?), exclamation point (!), comma (,), quotation …

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Synonyms and Antonyms in English

Synonyms and Antonyms in English–Growing Your Vocabulary

Synonyms and antonyms are important to understand as you learn English. Knowledge of synonyms and antonyms will help your English vocabulary to grow. In this posting I talk about 10 common, easy words in English–words that you probably use every day. I talk about synonyms and antonyms for each of these words. There will be …

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15-Commonly-Misused-Words-English

15 Commonly Misused Words in English–Similar Word; Different Meaning

There are many commonly misused words in English. Some of these words may have similar spellings, and some may have similar pronunciations. These words, however, have different meanings. In this posting I talk about 15 commonly misused English words. I include definitions and example sentences. The download at the end will give you additional practice …

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Sentence-Types-in-English

Sentence Types in English–Simple, Compound, Complex, and More

There are 4 sentence types in English: simple, compound, complex, and compound-complex. We use some of these sentence types frequently in conversation. We use others more frequently in writing. In this posting I talk about the 4 sentence types and how they are used. There will be many example sentences. The download at the end …

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The Present Perfect Continuous Tense

The Present Perfect Continuous in English–Past/Present Connections

The present perfect continuous tense in English is used to connect the present with the past. It suggests that something was started in the past but is unfinished. In this posting I talk about how to form and use this tense. I also talk about how it differs from the present perfect simple. The download …

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Infinitives in English

Infinitives in English–6 Ways to Use These Important Words

We form infinitives by combining to with the base form of the verb (to work). In this posting I talk about 6 ways to use infinitives. There will be many example sentences. The download at the end will give you more practice understanding and using infinitives. What are infinitives? To form infinitives, use this formula: …

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Have and Get in English

Have and Get in English-How Are They Similar, yet Different?

 It is easy to confuse have and get in English. Sometimes they mean almost the same thing. Often, however, they have different meanings. In this posting I talk about the many meanings of have and get. There will be many example sentences. The download at the end will give you additional practice using these two …

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Plural Nouns - Regular and Irregular Plurals in English

Plural Nouns – Regular and Irregular Plurals in English

Plural Nouns – Regular and Irregular Plurals in English. All nouns are singular or plural. Singular nouns mean just one, while plural nouns mean more than one. In this post I will talk about the rules for forming plural nouns. There will be many example words and some example sentences. The download at the end …

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Borrowed words in english

Borrowed Words–How English Borrows from Other Languages

The English language has many borrowed words. English is basically a Germanic language by structure. English vocabulary, however, comes from everywhere. In this posting I talk briefly about the history of English and where many of its borrowed words come from. Finally I talk about parts of many common English words that came from Greek …

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conjunctions-in-English

English Conjunctions: Joining Words, Phrases, Clauses, and Ideas Together in English

Conjunctions are words we use to link other words or ideas together. In this posting I talk about 3 types of conjunctions and how they work. You will see many example sentences. The download at the end will give you additional practice using and understanding these important words. What are conjunctions? Conjunctions are words that …

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Adverbs-in-English

English Adverb Clauses: English Clauses That Give us More Information about Verbs

As you may know, an adverb modifies or describes a verb, and adjective, or another adverb. A clause is a group of words containing a subject and a verb. Some clauses are called adverb causes because they function as adverbs. This means that they describe, modify, or give us more information about the verb in …

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Relative Pronouns in English: Who, Whom, Whose, That, and Which

Relative pronouns are pronouns that give us more information about a noun in a sentence. They also help us combine two sentences into one. We know that a pronoun takes the place of a noun. Relative pronouns, however, are a little different. Instead of replacing a noun, they “relate” to it by giving us more …

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definition-of-adjective

English Adjective Clauses: Using a Clause to Describe a Noun in English

Adjective clauses help our speech and our writing to be more interesting. We know that an adjective describes or modifies a noun or pronoun ( a large dog). We know that a clause contains a subject and a verb. Sometimes a clause can be used as an adjective to describe a noun (a dog that …

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Parts-of-Speech-Same-Word-Different-Jobs

Parts of Speech in English: Same English Word; Different Jobs

Many English words can function as two or more parts of speech. Sometimes even words with similar meanings can function as different parts of speech. In this posting I talk about how this is possible. I give many example sentences. The download at the end will give you additional practice understanding how the same word …

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Words with Multiple Meanings in English: Same Word but a Different English Meaning

Many English words have multiple meanings. This means that the same word, with the same spelling and pronunciation may have more than one meaning. Sometimes the meanings may be very different. This can be confusing for people learning English. You may wonder,” How do I know what the meaning is?” The best way is rely …

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English Homophones: Same Pronunciation, Different Spellings, and Different Meanings

Homophones are two or more words with the same pronunciation but different spellings and meanings. English has many homophones. This can sometimes be confusing to people learning English. It can also be confusing for native speakers of English as well! In this posting I include a list of 48 common English homophones. I then tell …

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Learning Noun Quantifiers in English

Noun Quantifiers in English: Giving an Amount to an English Noun

Noun quantifiers give us a quantity. They tell us how much of something there is. Most of the time, noun quantifiers are not specific numbers. Instead, most quantifiers give us a general idea of how much or how may of something there is. In this posting I talk about noun quantifiers, both formal and informal, …

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Learning Embedded Questions in English

Embedded Questions in English: Questions inside of Statements or Questions

  Embedded questions are questions inside a statement or another question. They are not direct questions. They can be confusing because the word order is different than in direct questions. In this posting I show you how to form and use embedded questions. I will show you many example sentences. In addition, I talk about …

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Future Time Clauses in English

Future Time Clauses in English–Taking About When a Future Event Will Happen

Future time clauses talk about when a future event will happen. For this future event to happen, something else has to happen first or at the same time. In this posting I talk about clauses, independent and dependent, and specifically, time clauses. I include many example sentences on how to use future time clauses correctly. …

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Expressing Past Habits in English - Used to Would and the Simple Past

Expressing Past Habits in English with Used to, Would, or the Simple Past

Expressing Past Habits in English: Past habits are actions of states of being that we did over and over in the past. We are no longer doing them. They are finished. The important thing is that we did not do them only once. We repeated them in the past. In this posting I talk about …

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Past modal verbs in Spanish

Past Modal Verbs in English–Things in the Past That Could Have Been

 Past modal verbs talk about things that  could have happened in the past. We know that modals are verbs that express ability, probability, advice, obligation, deduction, expectation, and preference. In this posting I talk about how to discuss these things in the past. There will be many example sentences. The download at the end will …

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modal-verbs-in-english

English Modal Verbs: Verbs of Deduction, Expectation, and Preference in English

Modal verbs are special verbs in the English language. You may already know that they can express ability, permission, possibility, obligation, or give advice. In this posting I talk about different uses for the modal verbs you may already know. I show you haw to use these verbs to express deductions (conclusions), expectations, and preferences. …

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Learning adverbs in English

Adverbs in English–Words That Modify or Describe Verbs, Adjectives or Other Adverbs

Adverbs are words that give us more information. They modify or give us more information about verbs, adjectives, or other adverbs. In this posting I talk about 5 kinds of adverbs and the information they give you. I also show you how these words can give you more information about adjectives and other adverbs. Finally, …

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The-Past-Perfect-Tense-in-English

The Past Perfect Tense in English–Talking About Earlier and Later Past Actions

  The past perfect tense talks about an action in the past that happened before another action in the past. When we use the past perfect, we can tell in what order the events happened. Because it is a perfect tense, the action is completely finished. It is not going on now. The past perfect …

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The-Past-Continuous-in-English

The Past Continuous Tense in English–A Continuing Action in the Past

The past continuous tense (or past progressive tense) shows an action that started in the past and continued over a period of time in the past. It is no longer going on in the present. Sometimes we use the past continuous alone. Sometimes we use it with the simple past. In this posting, I show …

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reflexive-pronouns-in-english

Reflexive and Reciprocal Pronouns in English–I Can Do It Myself!

  Reflexive pronouns and reciprocal pronouns are related to each other. Think of a mirror. Who do you see when you look in the mirror? You see yourself, of course. You are the looker, and your own image is reflected back to you. When you use reflexive pronouns, the subject does the action, but the …

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Demonstrative Pronouns in English–This, That, These, and Those

  Demonstrative pronouns point out or demonstrate something specific in a sentence. They can point out a thing or a time. We know that a pronoun takes the place of a noun. Demonstrative pronouns take the place of the specific information that is being pointed out. They are 4 main demonstrative pronouns: this, that, these, …

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interrogative pronouns in english

Interrogative Pronouns in English–Pronouns that Ask Questions

  Interrogative pronouns are pronouns that ask questions. A pronoun takes the place of a noun. An interrogative pronoun takes the place of the unknown information the question asks about. There are 5 interrogative pronouns: who, whom, what, which, and whose. In this posting I talk about how to use these pronouns to ask questions. …

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Either-and-Neither-in-English

Either and Neither– English Words to Show Choice, Equality, or Agreement

Either and neither are common English words. We use them to show choice, equality and agreement. We frequently use either in negative sentences to express agreement, and neither in affirmative ones. People learning English often find these words confusing. Native speakers do as well! In this posting I talk about using both of these words …

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Learning the imperative in English

The Imperative in English – Giving Directions, Suggestions, and Advice in English

The imperative is the form of the verb we use to give directions, instructions, suggestions, or advice. We also use it to give direct orders. The imperative is easy to form. We simply use the base form of the verb. In this posting I talk about how to form and use the imperative. There will …

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Gerunds and Infinitives in English

Gerunds and Infinitives in English–Nouns That Look Like Verbs

Gerunds and infinitives look like verbs, but they are used in sentences as nouns. A gerund is the “ing” form of the verb. An infinitive is the word “to” plus the base form of the verb. For example, you have probably seen signs on the street that say “No Parking.” The word “Parking” looks like …

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Tag Questions in English

Tag Questions in English–Mini-Questions at the End of a Statement

Tag questions are mini-questions that follow a short, simple statement. They turn the statement into a question. We use tag questions when we think we already know the answer. We think the other person agrees with us, however, we want to check just to make sure. For example, ” It’s hot,” is a statement. “It’s …

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Prefixes and Suffixes in English

Prefixes and Suffixes in English– How to Change the Meanings of Words

Prefixes and suffixes are not words. They are groups of letters added to words. They change the meanings of words. We add prefixes to the beginning of a word to change its meaning. For example, un + happy becomes unhappy, meaning not happy. Suffixes go at the end of words. They change a word’s meaning, …

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Comparative and Superlative in English

How to Compare in English: More vs Most, Good – Better, Best, etc using the Comparative and Superlative in English

Sometimes we need to compare people, places, or things. When we compare two people, places, or things, we use the comparative. When we compare three or more, we use the superlative. In this posting I talk about how to form and use the comparative and superlative. There will be many example sentences. The download at …

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